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How Israel and its partisans work to censor the Internet

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How Israel and its partisans work to censor the Internet

Students at the Israeli military’s Computing and Cyber Defense Academy. Israel is also “scouring Jewish communities abroad for young computer prodigies willing to join its ranks.”

Numerous well funded, organized projects by and for Israel work to flood social media with pro-Israel propaganda, while blocking facts Israel dislikes. The projects utilize Israeli soldiers, students, American teens and others, and range from infiltrating Wikipedia to influencing YouTube. Some operate out of Jewish Community Centers in the U.S.

By Alison Weir

Recently, YouTube suddenly shut down the If Americans KnewYouTube channel. This contained 70 videos providing facts-based information about Israel-Palestine.

People going to the channel saw a message telling them that the site had been terminated for “violating YouTube guidelines”—implying to the public that we were guilty of wrongdoing. And ensuring they didn’t learn about the information we were trying to disseminate.

When we tried to access our channel, we found a message saying our account had been “permanently disabled.” We had received no warning and got no explanation.

After five days, we received a generic message saying YouTube had reviewed our content and determined it didn’t violate any guidelines. Our channel became live once more.

So why was it shut down in the first place? What happened and why?

As it turns out, Israel and Israeli institutions employ armies of Internet warriors—from Israeli soldiers to students—to spread propaganda online and try to get content banned that Israel doesn’t want seen.

Perhaps like our videos of Palestinians killed by Israeli forces.

What happened

A few days before the termination of our channel, we received a form email from YouTube, telling us we had gotten “one strike” for a short video about a Palestinian man killed by Israeli soldiers. The video was part of our series of videos to make Palestinian victims, usually ignored by US media, visible to Americans.

It takes three minutes to view the video and see that it contains nothing objectionable, unless revealing cruelty and oppression is objectionable:

YouTube’s email claimed we had somehow violated their long list of guidelines but did not tell us which one, or how. It simply stated:

“Your video ‘Ahmad Nasser Jarrar’ was flagged for review. Upon review, we’ve determined that it violates our guidelines. We’ve removed it from YouTube and assigned a Community Guidelines strike, or temporary penalty, to your account.”

Such a penalty is not public and does not terminate the channel.

Three days later, before we’d even had a chance to appeal this strike, YouTube suddenly took down our entire channel. This was done with no additional warnings or explanation.

This violated YouTube’s published policies.

YouTube policies say there is a “three-strike” system by which it warns people of alleged violations three times before terminating a channel. If a channel is eventually terminated, the policies state that YouTube will send an email “detailing the reason for the suspension.”

None of this happened in our case.

We submitted appeals on YouTube’s online form, but received no response. Attempts to find a phone number for YouTube and/or email addresses by which we could communicate with a human being were futile.

YouTube’s power to shut down content without explanation whenever it chooses was acutely apparent. While there are other excellent video hosting sites, YouTube is the largest one, with nearly ten times more views than its closest competitors. It is therefore enormously powerful in shaping which information is available to the public–and which is not.

We spent days working to upload our videos elsewhere, update links to the videos, etc. Finally, having received no response or even acknowledgment of our appeal from YouTube, we decided to write an article about the situation. We emailed YouTube’s press department a list of questions about its process. We have yet to receive any answers.

Finally that evening we received an email with good news:

“After a review of your account, we have confirmed that your YouTube account is not in violation of our Terms of Service. As such, we have unsuspended your account. This means your account is once again active and operational.”

Our channel was visible once more. And YouTube had now officially confirmed that our content doesn’t violate its guidelines.

Ultimately, the YouTube system seems to have worked, in our case. Inappropriate censorship was overruled, perhaps by saner or less biased heads. In fact, we felt that there might at least be one positive result of the situation—additional YouTube employees had viewed our videos and perhaps learned much about Israel-Palestine they had not previously known.

But the whole experience was a wakeup call that YouTube can censor information critical of powerful parties at any time, with no explanation or accountability.

Israeli soldiers paid to “Tweet, Share, Like and more”

Israel and partisans of Israel have long had a significant presence on the Internet, working to promote the Israel narrative and block facts about Palestine, the Israel lobby, and other subject matter they wish covered up.

Opinionated proponents of Israel post comments, flag content, accuse critics of “antisemitism,” and disseminate misinformation about Palestine and Palestine solidarity activists. Many of these actions are by individuals acting alone who work independently, voluntarily, and relentlessly.

In addition to these, however, a number of orchestrated, often well-funded projects sponsored by the Israeli government and others have come to light. These projects work to place pro-Israel content throughout the Internet, and to remove information Israel doesn’t wish people to know.

One such Israeli project targeting the Internet came to light when it was lauded in an article by Arutz Sheva, an Israeli news organization headquartered in an Israeli settlement in the West Bank.

The report described a new project by Israel’s “New Media desk” that focused on YouTube and other social media sites. The article reported that Israeli soldiers were being employed to “Tweet, Share, Like and more.”

The article noted, “It is well known nowadays that what happens on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube has great influence on events as they occur on the ground. The Internet, too, is a battleground.” It was “comforting,” the article stated, to learn that the IDF was employing soldiers whose job was specifically to do battle on it.

Israeli students paid to promote Israel on social media

Screen shot from a video about student program to spread pro-Israel content on the Internet and social media.

Another project to do battle on the Internet was initiated in 2011 by the 300,000-strong National Union of Israeli Students (NUIS). The goal was “to deepen and expand hasbara [state propaganda] activities of students in the State of Israel.”

Under this program, Israeli students are paid $2,000 to work five hours per week to “lead the battle against hostile websites.”

An announcement for the program (translated here into English) noted that “many students in Israel master the Internet and are proficient at using the Internet and social networking and various sites and are required to write and express themselves in English.” Students can work from the comfort of their own homes, points out the announcement.

“Students work in four teams: Content, Wikipedia, Monitoring and New Media,” according to the program description. It details the responsibilities for each team:

The content team is responsible for creating original content in a news format.

The monitoring team is responsible for “monitoring efforts while reporting and removing anti-Semitic [sic] content from social networks in a variety of languages.” (The program conflates criticism of Israel with antisemitism; see below.)

The New Media team is responsible for social media channels, “including Facebook accounts in English, French and Portuguese, Twitter, YouTube channels, and so on.”

The Wikipedia team is “responsible for writing new entries and translating them into languages that operate in the program, updating the values of current and relevant information, tracking and preventing bias in the program’s areas of activity.”

This program sometimes claims it is working against antisemitism, but it conflates antisemitism with criticism of the state of Israel. This is in line with an Israel-backed initiative to legally define “antisemitism” to include discussing negative facts about Israel and its treatment of Palestinians.

Campaign to infiltrate Wikipedia

The pro-Israel organization CAMERA infiltrated Wikipedia for a time. (Illustration by Electronic Intifada.)

Several years ago, another project came to light that targeted Wikipedia. While manipulating Wikipedia entries doesn’t directly impact YouTube, it provides a window into some of these efforts to manipulate online content.

A 2008 exposé in the Electronic Intifada revealed: “A pro-Israel pressure group is orchestrating a secret, long-term campaign to infiltrate the popular online encyclopedia Wikipedia.”

While it is common and appropriate for individuals to edit Wikipedia entries to add factual information and remove inaccurate statements, this project was the antithesis of such editing. As EI, reported, its purpose was “to rewrite Palestinian history, pass off crude propaganda as fact, and take over Wikipedia administrative structures to ensure these changes go either undetected or unchallenged.”

Author Ali Abunimah reported that a source had provided EI with a series of emails from members and associates of the pro-Israel group CAMERA (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America) that showed the group “was engaged in what one activist termed a ‘war’ on Wikipedia.”

CAMERA Senior Research Analyst Gilead Ini organized a project to infiltrate Wikipedia.

CAMERA called for volunteers to secretly work on editing Wikipedia entries. It emphasized the importance of keeping the project secret. Volunteers were schooled in ways to elude detection. After they signed up as editors, they were to “avoid editing Israel-related articles for a short period of time.”

They were also told to “avoid, for obvious reasons, picking a username that marks you as pro-Israel, or that lets people know your real name.”

CAMERA also warned them: “Don’t forget to always log in… If you make changes while not logged in, Wikipedia will record your computer’s IP address.”

A Wikipedia editor known as Zeq helped in the effort, telling volunteers: “Edit articles at random, make friends not enemies—we will need them later on. This is a marathon not a sprint.” He emphasized the importance of secrecy: “You don’t want to be precived [sic] as a ‘CAMERA’ defender’ on wikipedia that is for sure.”

Zeq recommended that they work with and learn from an independent, pro-Israel Wikipedia editor known as Jayjg, but directed them to keep the project secret even from him.

When this all came to light, Wikipedia took measures against such manipulation of its system and the CAMERA program may have ended.

If it did, others stepped into the breach. In 2010 two Israeli groupsbegan offering a course in “Zionist editing” of Wikipedia entries. The aim was “to make sure that information in the online encyclopedia reflects the worldview of Zionist groups.” A course organizer explained that the use of the word “occupied” in Wikipedia entries “was just the kind of problem she hoped a new team of editors could help fix.”

Israel’s Ha’aretz newspaper reported: “The organizers’ aim was twofold: to affect Israeli public opinion by having people who share their ideological viewpoint take part in writing and editing for the Hebrew version, and to write in English so Israel’s image can be bolstered abroad.”

There was to be a prize for the “Best Zionist Editor”—the person who over the next four years incorporated the most “Zionist” changes in the encyclopedia. The winner would receive a trip in a hot-air balloon over Israel.

High tech millionaire Naftali Bennett, a right-wing minister close to the settler movement, describes the program:

The UK Guardian reports: “One Jerusalem-based Wikipedia editor, who doesn’t want to be named, said that publicising the initiative might not be such a good idea. ‘Going public in the past has had a bad effect,’ she says. ‘There is a war going on and unfortunately the way to fight it has to be underground.’”

Again in 2013, there was evidence of pro-Israel tampering with Wikipedia. Israel’s Ha’aretz reported that a social-media employee of NGO Monitor edited articles about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in an allegedly biased manner. “Draiman concealed the facts that he was an employee of NGO Monitor, often described as a right-wing group, and that he was using a second username, which is forbidden under Wikipedia’s rules,” according to the paper.

Such actions have had an impact. A website critical of Wikipedia said in 2014 that there were “almost ten times as many articles about murdered Israeli children as there are articles about murdered Palestinian children,” even though at least 10 times more Palestinian children had been killed.

The website also pointed out: “While editors like Zeq (TCL) and CltFn (TCL) may get banned in the end, the articles they startedremain.”

If YouTube reviewers and others use Wikipedia in their determination about whether content should be removed or not, these efforts to censor Wikipedia could adversely affect their decisions.

Social Media Missions for Israel

Title image from Forward article about the Act.IL campaign.

In 2017 yet another project to target Internet platforms was launched. Known as Act.il, the project uses a software application that “leverages the power of communities to support Israel through organized online activity.”

The software is a joint venture of three groups: Israel’s IDCUniversity; the Israeli American Council, which works to “organize and activate” the half million Israeli-Americans who live in the U.S.; and another American group called the Maccabee Task Force, created to combat the international boycott of Israel, which it terms “an anti-Semitic movement.” Maccabee says it is “laser focused on one core mission—to ensure that those who seek to delegitimize Israel and demonize the Jewish people are confronted, combatted and defeated.”

Image from Maccabee end of year report.

In addition, the project is supported by Israel’s Strategic Affairs Ministry and Israel’s intelligence community. Its CEO is an eight-year veteran of Israeli army intelligence.

Israel’s Jerusalem Post reports that Act.IL is “a wide-ranging grassroots campaign app that lets individuals combat BDS in the palm of their hand” or, as we will see, from public computers in the US.

“Act.IL is more than just an app,” the Post article explains. “It is a campaign that taps into the collective knowledge of IDC students who together speak 35 languages, hail from 86 countries and have connections to the pro-Israel community all over the world.”

The article claims: “A platform like Act.IL offers world Jewry an opportunity to fight for one thing the majority can rally behind: Israel.” (This ignores the fact that there are many Jewish individuals who oppose Israeli policies.)

Israel partisans around the world download the app, and then “in this virtual situation room of experts, they detect instances where Israel is being assailed online and they program the app to find missions that can be carried out with a push of a button.”

An organizer notes: “When you work together, with the same goals and values, you can be incredibly powerful in the social media landscape.”

Some missions ask users to report videos. Israeli government officials say that the Act.il app “is more effective than official government requests at getting those videos removed from online platforms.”

The project is led by former Israeli intelligence officers and has close ties to American casino billionaire Sheldon Adelson. Another funder is the Paul R. Singer Foundation, funded by the Republican hedge fund billionaire.

The Forward calls Act.IL a new entry into the “online propaganda war” that “has thousands of mostly U.S.-based volunteers who can be directed from Israel into a social media swarm.”

According to the Forward, “Its work so far offers a startling glimpse of how it could shape the online conversations about Israel without ever showing its hand.”

The Forward reports: “Act.il says that its app has 12,000 sign-ups so far, and 6,000 regular users. The users are located all over the world, though the majority of them appear to be in the United States. Users get ‘points’ for completed missions; top-ranked users complete five or six missions a day. Top users win prizes: a congratulatory letter from a government minister, or a doll of David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s founding prime minister.”

Photo of group that participated in Act.IL training

Act.IL’s CEO, a veteran Israeli army intelligence officer, said the Israeli military and its domestic intelligence service “‘request’ Act.il’s help in getting services like Facebook to remove specific videos that call for violence against Jews or Israelis.” This according to the Forward report.

The officer later tried to walk back his statement, “saying that the Shin Bet [intelligence service] and the army don’t request help on specific videos but are in regular informal contact with Act.il. He said that Act.il’s staff is largely made up of former Israeli intelligence officers.”

Teens in American JCCs carry out missions assigned from Israel

New Jersey “Media Room,” a project of IAC New Jersey in partnership with Act.IL.

The project recruits Jewish teens and adults and sometimes operates out of local Jewish community centers, the Forward says. The paper describes one example:

“The dozen or so Israelis sitting around a conference table at a Jewish community center in Tenafly, New Jersey, on a recent Wednesday night didn’t look like the leading edge of a new Israeli government-linked crowdsourced online propaganda campaign.

“Tapping on laptops, the group of high school students and adult mentors completed social media ‘missions’ assigned out of a headquarters in Herzliya, Israel.”

In addition to the Tenafly “media room” another operates in Boston in cooperation with the Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston. There are also regular Act.il advocacy-training sessions at The Frisch School, a Jewish day school in Paramas, New Jersey. Other media rooms are reportedly in the works, with one in Manhattan, hosted by The Paul R. Singer Foundation, scheduled to open soon.

The Forward reports: “In November, the Boston media room created a mission for the app that asked users to email a Boston-area church to complain about a screening there of a documentary that is critical of Israel. The proposed text of the email likens the screening of the film to the white supremacist riot in Charlottesville, Virginia, and calls the film’s narrator, Pink Floyd frontman Roger Waters, a ‘well-known anti-Semite.’”

Photo of Boston Media Room published byCombined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston, which states: “Media Room Ambassadors are students and adult mentors who are trained with the knowledge, skills, and tools to positively influence public discourse by developing pro-Israel social media campaigns.”

According to the Forward, Act.il also produces “pro-Israel web content that carries no logo. It distributes that content to other pro-Israel groups, including the Adelson-funded Jewish fraternity Alpha Epsilon Pi and The Israel Project, which push them out on their own social media feeds.”

The Forward predicts: “Initiatives in cyberspace seem likely to increase.”

Screenshot from video promoting the project, posted on the Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston website.

Israeli media report that the Israeli military “has begun scouring Jewish communities abroad for young computer prodigies” to recruit for its ranks.

An Israeli official described the process: “Our first order of business is to search Jewish communities abroad for teens who could qualify, Our representatives will then travel to the communities and begin the screening process there.”

Israeli Government Ministry backs secret online campaigns

General Sima Vaknin-Gil told Israeli tech developers to “flood the Internet” with pro-Israel propaganda. As Israel’s Chief Censor, she said: ” “We censor information that is critical to our enemies, who have no capabilities like us, do not have a Jewish brain, and therefore our enemy relies to a large extent on open information…”

Israel’s Strategic Affairs Ministry, which is behind this and similar projects, has mobilized substantial resources for online activities.

Israel’s Ynet news reports that the Ministry’s director “sees it as a war for all intents and purposes. ‘The delegitimization against the State of Israel can be curbed and contained through public diplomacy and soft tools,’ she says. ‘In order to win, however, we must use tricks and craftiness.’”

The director, General Sima Vaknin-Gil, told a forum of Israeli tech developers at a forum: “I want to create a community of fighters.” The objective is to “curb the activities of anti-Israel activists,” and “flood the Internet” with pro-Israel content.

An Israeli report in December stated that the ministry has acquired a budget of roughly $70 million to “stand at the forefront of the battle against delegitimization, adopting methods from the fields of intelligence and technology. There is a reason why ministry officials define it as ‘a war on consciousness terrorism.’” [‘Delegitimization’ is a common Israeli term for criticism of Israel. See here for a discussion of the term.]

A Ha’aretz article reports: “The Strategic Affairs Ministry’s leaders see themselves as the heads of a commando unit, gathering and disseminating information about ‘supporters of the delegitimization of Israel’—and they prefer their actions be kept secret.”

The article reports that the Ministry includes a job role entitled “Senior official—new-media realm,” responsible for surveillance and activities “in the digital realm.”

This individual head is responsible for analyzing social media and formulating a social media campaign against sites and activists who are deemed a threat to Israel.

Among the job’s responsibilities are:

“Analysis of the world of social media, in terms of content, technology and network structure, emphasizing centers of gravity and focuses of influence, methods, messages, organizations, sites and key activists, studying their characteristics, areas, realms and key patterns of activities of the rival campaign and formulating a strategy for an awareness campaign against them in this realm and managing crises on social media. That is, surveilling of activities mainly in the digital arena.”

Officials at the ministry are charged with “construction and promotion of creative and suitable programs for new media.”

The unit works to keep its activities secret from the public. For example, a program to train young Israelis for activities on social media was exempted from publishing a public bid for funding. Similarly, the ministry’s special unit against delegitimization, “Hama’aracha” (The Battle), is excluded from Israel’s Freedom of Information Law.

The 29th floor of Tel Aviv’s Champion Tower is the nerve center of a 24-7 ‘war’ in which Israeli agents working behind the scenes advance U.S. legislation, torpedo events, organize counter-protests, & close bank accounts.. The Director says: ‘In order to win we must use tricks and craftiness.’

Its activities reportedly include a “24/7 operations room monitoring all the delegitimization activities against Israel: Protests, conferences, publications calling for an anti-Israel boycott and international bodies’ boycott initiatives. The operations room will transfer the information to the relevant people to provide a proper response to these activities, whether through a counter-protest or through moves to thwart the initiative behind the scenes.”

Other programs include a 22-million-shekel project to work among labor unions and professional associations abroad “to root out the ability of BDS entities to influence the unions,” and a 16-million-shekel program focused on student activities throughout the world.

Israel’s UNIT 8200

Photo from article about Unit 8200 on Britain Israel Communications and Research Centre website.

Another Israeli entity that plays a role in covert Internet activity is the Israeli military’s legendary high-tech spy branch, Unit 8200. This unit is composed of thousands of “cyber warriors” primarily 18 to 21 years of age; some even younger. A number of its graduates have gone on to top positions at tech companies operating in the U.S.,such as Check Point Software(where the spouse of the Jewish Voice for Peace head is employed as a solutions architect).

In 2015 Israel’s Foreign Ministry announced plans “to establish a special command to combat anti-Israel incitement on social media.” The command would operate under the foreign ministry’s hasbara[propaganda] department and would especially recruit from graduates of Unit 8200.

An article in the Jewish Press about the new command reports that Unit 8200 “has developed a great reputation for effectiveness in intelligence gathering, including operating a massive global spy network. Several alumni of 8200 have gone on to establish leading Israeli IT companies, including Check Point, ICQ, Palo Alto Networks, NICE, AudioCodes, Gilat, Leadspace, EZchip, Onavo, Singular and CyberArk.”

Check Point Software headquarters in Tel Aviv. Founded by a former Unit 8200 member, it also has offices throughout the U.S. Israeli tech companies sometimes assist in online spying efforts.

Numerous Israeli tech companies, many of them headed by former military intelligence officers, assist in these online spying efforts, sometimes receiving Israeli government funding “for digital initiatives aimed at gathering intelligence on activist groups and countering their efforts.”

According to the ministry’s statement, among the Command’s activities is finding videos with inflammatory content and issuing complaints to the relevant websites.”

To be clear, this is an occupying military working covertly to achieve censorship of reporting on its atrocities.

YouTube & Google officials meet with Israeli Minister

YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki speaking to the Israel Collaboration Network’s Israeli Women in Tech Group on August 25, 2016.

Major Internet companies have reportedly been cooperating in this effort.

In 2015 Israel’s Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely announced that she had visited Silicon Valley and met with YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki and Google’s Director of Public Policy (it is unclear whether this was was Jennifer Oztzistzki orJuniper Downs; Hotovely’sannouncement referred to “Jennifer Downs”).

“At the end of the meeting,” Israeli media reported, “it was agreed that Google would strengthen bilateral relations with the Foreign Ministry and build a collaborative work apparatus.”

Another Israeli news report about the meeting states: “…it was agreed that the companies would strengthen ties with the Foreign Ministry and build a regular mechanism of control to prevent the distribution of those incendiary materials on the network.”

Google, which owns YouTube,denied the Foreign Ministry’s report. The Ministry accordingly “clarified” its statement somewhat, but continued to say that Israeli officials would be in “regular contact with Google’s employees in Israel who deal with the problematic materials.”

Such officials often have close ties to Israel. For example, Facebook’s Head of Policy in Israel, Jordana Cutler, had previously been employed for many years by the Israeli government. (More about Facebook can be found here.)

The Linkedin page for Facebook’s Jordana Cutler

The meetings seem to have had a significant effect.

In 2016 Fortune magazine reported: “Facebook, Google, and YouTube are complying with up to 95% of Israeli requests to delete content that the government says incites Palestinian violence, Israel’s Justice Minister said on Monday.”

More recently, the Israeli Ministry of Justice said that its cyber unit handled 2,241 cases of online content and succeeded in getting 70 percent of it removed.

According to a 2017 report, Google, in its capacity as the operator of Youtube, announced that it was updating the steps it was already taking on this score.

Among other things, Google said it would increase the number of members of the “Trusted Flagger program,” which enables certain organizations and government agencies to report content. It also said it would “increase support for NGOs and organizations working to present a ‘corrective voice.’”

Given the record of infiltration and orchestrated activities described above—many financed by a combination of certain influential billionaires and the Israeli government itself—it’s hard to imagine that Israeli organizations and partisans are not thoroughly embedded in this program. In fact, one of the NGOs already working with YouTube as a “trusted flagger” is the Anti-Defamation League, whose mission includes ‘standing up for Israel.’

Anti-Defamation League celebrates Israel at 2017 New York City parade.

A leaked secret January 2017 ADL strategy paper detailed how to counter the pro-Palestine movement. Among its many strategies were some focused on the importance of efforts in cyber space.

The paper was produced in collaboration with the Reut Institute, an Israeli think tank, and included an endorsement by Sima Vaknin-Gil, who stated that “the correlation between the Ministry’s mode of operation and what comes out of this document is very high, and has already proven effective… ”

Strategy paper about how to counter the Palestine solidarity movement. (Full document posted here.)

The document’s executive summary noted: “Cyberspace, broadly defined, stands out as a crucially important arena (for monitoring and counter and pro-active strategies) which requires more resources and attention due to its current influence, rapid growth and growing complexity.”

The paper called for “a mix of policy advocacy and industry engagement with corporations such as Google, Facebook, and Twitter in a manner consistent with the ADL Center for Technology and Society and its Anti-Cyberhate Working Group.”

An illustration in the ADL-Reut working paper on improving Israel advocacy. It noted: “While the pro-Israel network increasingly is active in this domain, much more can be done.”

The paper also recommended: “‘Bottom-up efforts’ of crowd-sourcing to enhance the adaptive capacity of the pro-Israel network.”

At the same time, it urged:

“Strengthening pro-Israel organizations that mobilize and coordinate a network of ‘nodes’ e.g. Jewish Community Public Affairs (JCPA) and its network of Jewish Community Relations Council (JCRCs) in the USA; Hillel, which is present in nearly five hundred locations in the U.S. and globally; the Israel Action Network (IAN) that reaches nearly 160 federations in the U.S.; or the Jewish Congress (WJC) that represents dozens of Jewish communities around the world.”

The detailed, 32-page document reported that in recent years “a massive investment of resources and talent” had been directed against the pro-Palestine movement. One of the results, the paper said, was to create a “world-wide pro-Israel network.” It was this network that the report wished to mobilize. One of the paper’s concerns was that since Israel’s 2014  attack on Gaza “a growing number of Jews have become more critical of Israel.”

The document recommended a degree of stealth, noting: “high-visibility response by the pro-Israel side can be counterproductive.”

What this means

Nevertheless, despite all these forces arrayed against information about Palestine reaching the American public, our channel is back up on YouTube. In fact, we’ve just uploaded a new video:

This one is about the death of a nine-year-old boy. [Perhaps the Israeli government would consider this incitement to Palestinians to rebel against occupation; we see it as incitement to the world in general, and Americans in particular, to care.]

In other words, Israel’s efforts at censorship don’t always succeed.

But sometimes they do, and other YouTube users have not always been so fortunate. For example, YouTube has terminated several Palestinian news organizations.

One was the al-Quds network, which, according to a report in Middle East Eye, “relies on young reporters and volunteers using phones and other digital devices to cover local news across the Palestinian territories.” They would often report Israeli soldiers committing various human rights violations.

Its YouTube channel was terminated in 2011, and its editor says they had to “to create a new channel from scratch.” By 2017 its new channel had gained almost 10 million views before it was suddenly suspended without warning again last October. It now, however, appears to have a YouTube channel in operation.

According to the MEE report, YouTube also suspended the Filisten al-Youm TV channel last August, and in 2013, apparently following complaints by the Anti-Defamation League, YouTube closed down Iran’s PressTV channel. (A Press TV YouTube channel now also appears to be available again.)

Palestinian social media users riskeven greater consequences. 

The Israeli government has arrested Palestinians for videos, poems, and other posts it dislikes. A 2016 report estimated that “more than 150 arrests took place between October and February 2016 based on Facebook posts expressing opinions on the uprising. A recent video posted on social media led to the imprisonment of a 16 year old girl, her mother and cousin.

In addition, Palestinian access to social media is somewhat controlled by Israel. As a Huffington Post article reports, ”Palestinians’ digital rights and access to the Internet are compromised in very basic ways, because Israel controls the infrastructure and services of Palestinian telecommunication companies in the West Bank.”

While the situation has greatly improved in recent years – the Israeli government finally announced in 2016 that it would allow Palestinians in the West Bank to access 3G wireless networks, making this one of the last regions in the world with such access after years of Israeli restrictions – it is important to remember the enormous power Israel wields over this largely captive population.

While Israel is able to organize entire campaigns to filter and flood social media, its immense control over Palestinians impedes their access to the same media.

Given these facts, it is extremely important for people to search out information for themselves, go directly to our websites and others, subscribe to diverse email lists, and not rely on social media for information. [Please subscribe to our news posts here.]

Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and others are private companies. In the end, they have the power to censor information, and they periodically do so. For a few days, we felt acutely what that was like. If Facebook had joined the ban, as has happened with others, we would have been even more cut off from what is essentially today’s “public square.”

The Internet and social media give us far more access to information and tools for communication and activism than ever before, but they, too, can be controlled—and they are.

It is up to us, as always, to overcome.

#

Our videos are also being uploaded to Daily Motion, Vimeo, and BitChute, and many are already on our news blog, Timeline, and main website, where all of them will eventually be available.


Alison Weir is executive director of If Americans Knew, president of the Council for the National Interest, and author of “Against Our Better Judgment: The Hidden History of How the U.S. Was Used to Create Israel.” 

UPDATES

* The section on the ADL was expanded on March 9. The ADL-Reut is posted here.

* After publishing this article, we produced a video with the information and posted it on YouTube. YouTube then removed it. However, the video can still be viewed on Vimeo.

https://youtu.be/Vqhi16iikxk

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Numerous well funded, organized projects by and for Israel flood social media with pro-Israel propaganda, and work to censor facts Israel dislikes
— Read on israelpalestinenews.org/israel-partisans-work-censor-internet/

Bagaimana Israel dan pihaknya bekerja untuk menapis Internet

contact@ifamericansknew.org 8 Mac 2018 Penapisan, Perisian Titik Periksa, google, Hotovely, Jennifer Oztzistzki, Jordana Cutler, Juniper Downs, PressTV, Susan Wojcicki, Twitter, Unit 8200, Wikipedia, youtube

Pelajar di Akademi Pengkomputeran dan Pertahanan Siber tentera Israel. Israel juga “menjelajahi komuniti Yahudi di luar negeri untuk mencari pelacur komputer muda yang bersedia bergabung dengan barisannya.”

Banyak projek yang dibiayai dengan baik dan diatur oleh dan untuk Israel berfungsi membanjiri media sosial dengan propaganda pro-Israel, sambil menyekat fakta yang tidak disukai Israel. Projek ini menggunakan tentera Israel, pelajar, remaja Amerika dan lain-lain, dan mulai dari menyusup ke Wikipedia hingga mempengaruhi YouTube. Beberapa beroperasi di Pusat Komuniti Yahudi di A.S.

Oleh Alison Weir

Baru-baru ini, YouTube secara tiba-tiba menutup saluran YouTube If American Knew. Ini mengandungi 70 video yang memberikan maklumat berdasarkan fakta mengenai Israel-Palestin.

Orang-orang yang pergi ke saluran tersebut melihat satu pesan yang memberitahu mereka bahawa laman web tersebut telah dihentikan kerana “melanggar garis panduan YouTube” —menyampaikan kepada orang ramai bahawa kami bersalah melakukan kesalahan. Dan memastikan mereka tidak mengetahui tentang maklumat yang cuba kami sebarkan.

Semasa kami cuba mengakses saluran kami, kami menemui satu mesej yang mengatakan bahawa akaun kami telah “dinyahaktifkan secara kekal”. Kami tidak menerima amaran dan tidak mendapat penjelasan.

Selepas lima hari, kami menerima mesej umum yang mengatakan bahawa YouTube telah mengkaji kandungan kami dan memutuskan bahawa ia tidak melanggar garis panduan apa pun. Saluran kami ditayangkan sekali lagi.

Jadi mengapa ia ditutup pada mulanya? Apa yang berlaku dan mengapa?

Ternyata, institusi Israel dan Israel menggunakan tentera prajurit Internet – dari tentera Israel hingga pelajar – untuk menyebarkan propaganda dalam talian dan cuba menyekat kandungan yang tidak mahu dilihat oleh Israel.

Mungkin seperti video kami mengenai Palestin yang dibunuh oleh tentera Israel.

Apa yang berlaku

Beberapa hari sebelum penamatan saluran kami, kami menerima e-mel borang dari YouTube, yang memberitahu bahawa kami telah mendapat “satu serangan” untuk video pendek mengenai seorang lelaki Palestin yang dibunuh oleh tentera Israel. Video itu adalah sebahagian daripada siri video kami yang menjadikan mangsa Palestin, yang biasanya tidak dihiraukan oleh media AS, dapat dilihat oleh orang Amerika.

Memerlukan waktu tiga minit untuk melihat video tersebut dan melihat bahawa ia tidak mengandungi apa-apa yang tidak dapat disangkal, melainkan jika mendedahkan kekejaman dan penindasan tidak menyenangkan:

E-mel YouTube mendakwa kami entah bagaimana telah melanggar senarai panduan panjang mereka tetapi tidak memberitahu kami yang mana, atau bagaimana. Ia hanya menyatakan:

“Video anda‘ Ahmad Nasser Jarrar ’ditandai untuk disemak. Setelah disemak, kami memutuskan bahawa ini melanggar garis panduan kami. Kami telah mengeluarkannya dari YouTube dan memberikan teguran Garis Panduan Komuniti, atau hukuman sementara, ke akaun anda. ”

Hukuman seperti itu tidak umum dan tidak menghentikan saluran.

Tiga hari kemudian, sebelum kami berkesempatan untuk mengajukan banding atas bantahan ini, YouTube tiba-tiba merobohkan seluruh saluran kami. Ini dilakukan tanpa peringatan atau penjelasan tambahan.

Ini melanggar dasar yang diterbitkan YouTube.

Dasar YouTube mengatakan ada sistem “teguran tiga” yang memperingatkan orang-orang mengenai dugaan pelanggaran tiga kali sebelum menghentikan saluran. Sekiranya saluran akhirnya ditamatkan, kebijakan menyatakan bahawa YouTube akan menghantar e-mel “yang memperincikan alasan penangguhan”.

Perkara ini tidak berlaku dalam kes kami.

Kami mengemukakan rayuan di borang dalam talian YouTube, tetapi tidak mendapat respons. Percubaan untuk mencari nombor telefon untuk YouTube dan / atau alamat e-mel yang boleh kita berkomunikasi dengan manusia adalah sia-sia.

Kekuatan YouTube untuk mematikan kandungan tanpa penjelasan kapan pun yang dipilih itu jelas sekali. Walaupun terdapat laman web hosting video yang sangat baik, YouTube adalah yang terbesar, dengan paparan hampir sepuluh kali lebih banyak daripada pesaing terdekatnya. Oleh itu, ia sangat kuat dalam membentuk maklumat mana yang tersedia untuk umum – dan yang tidak.

Kami menghabiskan masa berhari-hari untuk memuat naik video kami di tempat lain, mengemas kini pautan ke video, dan lain-lain. Akhirnya, setelah tidak mendapat sambutan atau bahkan pengakuan rayuan kami dari YouTube, kami memutuskan untuk menulis artikel mengenai keadaan tersebut. Kami menghantar e-mel kepada jabatan akhbar YouTube senarai soalan mengenai prosesnya. Kami masih belum mendapat jawapan.

Akhirnya pada petang itu kami menerima e-mel dengan berita baik:

“Setelah semakan akaun anda, kami telah mengesahkan bahawa akaun YouTube anda tidak melanggar Syarat Perkhidmatan kami. Oleh itu, kami telah menangguhkan akaun anda. Ini bermakna akaun anda sekali lagi aktif dan beroperasi. ”

Saluran kami kelihatan sekali lagi. Dan YouTube kini secara rasmi mengesahkan bahawa kandungan kami tidak melanggar garis panduannya.

Pada akhirnya, sistem YouTube nampaknya berfungsi, dalam kes kita. Penapisan yang tidak wajar ditolak, mungkin oleh kepala yang lebih waras atau kurang bias. Sebenarnya, kami merasakan sekurang-kurangnya ada satu hasil positif dari keadaan tersebut – pekerja YouTube tambahan telah menonton video kami dan mungkin banyak belajar mengenai Israel-Palestin yang belum mereka ketahui sebelumnya.

Tetapi keseluruhan pengalaman adalah panggilan bangun bahawa YouTube dapat menapis maklumat yang kritikal terhadap pihak berkuasa pada bila-bila masa, tanpa penjelasan atau pertanggungjawaban.

Askar Israel membayar untuk “Tweet, Share, Like dan banyak lagi”

Israel dan sebahagian dari Israel telah lama memiliki kehadiran yang signifikan di Internet, berusaha untuk mempromosikan narasi Israel dan menyekat fakta mengenai Palestin, lobi Israel, dan perkara-perkara lain yang ingin mereka nutupi.

Penyokong Israel yang membuat komen memberi komen, isi bendera, menuduh pengkritik “antisemitisme”, dan menyebarkan maklumat yang salah mengenai aktivis solidariti Palestin dan Palestin. Sebilangan besar tindakan ini dilakukan oleh individu yang bertindak sendiri yang bekerja secara bebas, sukarela, dan tanpa henti.

Di samping itu, sejumlah proyek yang diatur, sering dibiayai dengan baik yang ditaja oleh pemerintah Israel dan yang lain telah terungkap. Projek-projek ini berfungsi untuk meletakkan kandungan pro-Israel di seluruh Internet, dan untuk membuang maklumat yang tidak diinginkan orang Israel tahu.

Salah satu projek Israel yang menargetkan Internet terungkap ketika dipuji dalam sebuah artikel oleh Arutz Sheva, sebuah organisasi berita Israel yang beribu pejabat di sebuah penempatan Israel di Tepi Barat.

Laporan itu menggambarkan projek baru oleh “Meja Media Baru” Israel yang memfokuskan pada YouTube dan laman media sosial lain. Artikel tersebut melaporkan bahawa tentera Israel digunakan untuk “Tweet, Share, Like dan banyak lagi.”

Artikel itu menyatakan, “Sekarang ini sudah diketahui bahwa apa yang berlaku di Facebook, Twitter dan YouTube sangat mempengaruhi peristiwa ketika ia terjadi di lapangan. Internet juga adalah medan perang. ” Artikel itu “menghiburkan,” untuk menyatakan bahawa IDF menggunakan tentera yang tugasnya khusus untuk memerangi hal itu.

Pelajar Israel membayar untuk mempromosikan Israel di media sosial

Tangkapan skrin dari video mengenai program pelajar untuk menyebarkan kandungan pro-Israel di Internet dan media sosial.

Projek lain untuk bertempur di Internet dimulakan pada tahun 2011 oleh Kesatuan Kebangsaan Pelajar Israel (NUIS) yang berjumlah 300,000 orang. Tujuannya adalah “memperdalam dan memperluas kegiatan hasbara [propaganda negara] para pelajar di Negara Israel.”

Di bawah program ini, pelajar Israel dibayar $ 2,000 untuk bekerja lima jam seminggu untuk “mengetuai pertempuran terhadap laman web bermusuhan.”

Pengumuman untuk program ini (diterjemahkan di sini ke dalam bahasa Inggeris) menyatakan bahawa “banyak pelajar di Israel menguasai Internet dan mahir menggunakan Internet dan rangkaian sosial dan pelbagai laman web dan diharuskan menulis dan mengekspresikan diri dalam bahasa Inggeris.” Pelajar dapat bekerja dengan selesa dari kediaman mereka sendiri, demikian menurut pengumuman itu.

“Pelajar bekerja dalam empat pasukan: Isi, Wikipedia, Pemantauan dan Media Baru,” menurut keterangan program. Ia memperincikan tanggungjawab bagi setiap pasukan:

Pasukan kandungan bertanggungjawab untuk membuat kandungan asli dalam format berita.

Pasukan pemantau bertanggung jawab untuk “memantau upaya sambil melaporkan dan menghapus konten anti-Semit dari rangkaian sosial dalam berbagai bahasa.” (Program ini mengaitkan kritikan terhadap Israel dengan antisemitisme; lihat di bawah.)

Pasukan Media Baru bertanggungjawab untuk saluran media sosial, “termasuk akaun Facebook dalam bahasa Inggeris, Perancis dan Portugis, Twitter, saluran YouTube, dan sebagainya.”

Pasukan Wikipedia “bertanggungjawab untuk menulis entri baru dan menerjemahkannya ke dalam bahasa yang beroperasi dalam program, mengemas kini nilai maklumat semasa dan relevan, mengesan dan mencegah bias di bidang kegiatan program.”

Program ini kadang-kadang mendakwa ia berfungsi menentang antisemitisme, tetapi mengaitkan antisemitisme dengan kritikan terhadap negara Israel. Ini sejalan dengan inisiatif yang disokong oleh Israel untuk mendefinisikan “antisemitisme” secara sah untuk memasukkan pembahasan fakta negatif tentang Israel dan perlakuannya terhadap rakyat Palestin.

Kempen menyusup masuk ke Wikipedia

Organisasi pro-Israel CAMERA menyusup masuk ke Wikipedia untuk sementara waktu. (Ilustrasi oleh Electronic Intifada.)

Beberapa tahun yang lalu, projek lain muncul yang menyasarkan Wikipedia. Walaupun memanipulasi entri Wikipedia tidak memberi kesan secara langsung kepada YouTube, ini memberi peluang kepada beberapa usaha ini untuk memanipulasi kandungan dalam talian.

Ekspo 2008 di Intifada Elektronik mengungkapkan: “Kumpulan tekanan pro-Israel sedang menyusun kempen jangka panjang rahsia untuk menyusup ke dalam Wikipedia ensiklopedia dalam talian yang popular.”

Walaupun biasa dan wajar bagi individu untuk menyunting entri Wikipedia untuk menambahkan maklumat fakta dan menghapus pernyataan yang tidak tepat, projek ini merupakan antitesis penyuntingan tersebut. Seperti yang dilaporkan oleh EI, tujuannya adalah “menulis ulang sejarah Palestin, menyebarkan propaganda kasar sebagai fakta, dan mengambil alih struktur pentadbiran Wikipedia untuk memastikan perubahan-perubahan ini tidak dapat dikesan atau tidak ditentang.”

Pengarang Ali Abunimah melaporkan bahawa sumber telah memberikan EI serangkaian e-mel dari anggota dan rakan sekutu kumpulan pro-Israel CAMERA (Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America) yang menunjukkan kumpulan “terlibat dalam apa yang disebut oleh seorang aktivis sebagai ‘perang’ di Wikipedia. ”

Penganalisis Penyelidikan Kanan CAMERA Gilead Ini menganjurkan projek untuk menyusup masuk ke Wikipedia.

CAMERA meminta sukarelawan untuk secara diam-diam berusaha menyunting entri Wikipedia. Ia menekankan pentingnya merahsiakan projek ini. Sukarelawan dididik dengan cara untuk mengelakkan pengesanan. Setelah mereka mendaftar sebagai editor, mereka “menghindari penyuntingan artikel yang berkaitan dengan Israel untuk jangka waktu pendek.”

Mereka juga diberitahu untuk “menghindari, dengan alasan yang jelas, memilih nama pengguna yang menandakan anda sebagai pro-Israel, atau yang memungkinkan orang mengetahui nama sebenarnya anda.”

CAMERA juga memberi amaran kepada mereka: “Jangan lupa untuk selalu log masuk … Jika anda melakukan perubahan semasa tidak masuk, Wikipedia akan merakam alamat IP komputer anda.”

Seorang editor Wikipedia yang dikenal sebagai Zeq membantu dalam usaha itu, mengatakan kepada sukarelawan: “Edit artikel secara rawak, buat teman bukan musuh — kita akan memerlukannya di kemudian hari. Ini adalah maraton bukan lari cepat. ” Dia menekankan pentingnya kerahsiaan: “Anda tidak mahu didahului [sic] sebagai ‘pembela’ KAMERA ‘di wikipedia yang pasti.”

Zeq mengesyorkan agar mereka bekerjasama dan belajar dari editor Wikipedia pro-Israel bebas yang dikenali sebagai Jayjg, tetapi mengarahkan mereka untuk merahsiakan projek itu walaupun dari dia.

Ketika semua ini terungkap, Wikipedia mengambil tindakan terhadap manipulasi sistemnya dan program CAMERA mungkin telah berakhir.

Sekiranya berlaku, yang lain melangkah ke pelanggaran. Pada tahun 2010 dua kumpulan Israel mula menawarkan kursus dalam “penyuntingan Zionis” entri Wikipedia. Tujuannya adalah “untuk memastikan bahawa maklumat dalam ensiklopedia dalam talian mencerminkan pandangan dunia kumpulan Zionis.” Penganjur kursus menjelaskan bahawa penggunaan kata “sibuk” dalam entri Wikipedia “hanyalah jenis masalah yang dia harap pasukan penyunting baru dapat membantu menyelesaikannya.”

Akhbar Ha’aretz Israel melaporkan: “Tujuan penganjur adalah dua kali lipat: mempengaruhi pendapat umum Israel dengan meminta orang-orang yang mempunyai pandangan ideologi mereka mengambil bahagian dalam penulisan dan penyuntingan untuk versi Ibrani, dan menulis dalam bahasa Inggeris sehingga gambar Israel dapat diperkuat di luar negara. ”

Harus ada hadiah untuk “Editor Zionis Terbaik” – orang yang selama empat tahun ke depan memasukkan perubahan paling “Zionis” dalam ensiklopedia. Pemenang akan menerima perjalanan dengan belon udara panas ke atas Israel.

Jutawan berteknologi tinggi Naftali Bennett, seorang menteri sayap kanan yang dekat dengan gerakan peneroka, menerangkan program ini:

The Guardian UK melaporkan: “Seorang editor Wikipedia yang berpusat di Yerusalem, yang tidak mahu disebutkan namanya, mengatakan bahawa mempublikasikan inisiatif itu mungkin bukan idea yang baik. “Menjadi khalayak ramai pada masa lalu memberi kesan buruk,” katanya. “Ada perang yang sedang berlangsung dan sayangnya cara untuk melawannya harus berada di bawah tanah.”

Sekali lagi pada tahun 2013, ada bukti pro-Israel mengganggu Wikipedia. Ha’aretz Israel melaporkan bahawa seorang pekerja media sosial NGO Monitor menyunting artikel mengenai konflik Israel-Palestin dengan cara yang didakwa berat sebelah. “Draiman menyembunyikan fakta bahawa dia adalah pekerja NGO Monitor, sering digambarkan sebagai kumpulan sayap kanan, dan bahawa dia menggunakan nama pengguna kedua, yang dilarang berdasarkan peraturan Wikipedia,” menurut makalah tersebut.

Tindakan sedemikian telah memberi kesan. Sebuah laman web kritik Wikipedia mengatakan pada tahun 2014 bahawa terdapat “hampir sepuluh kali lebih banyak artikel mengenai kanak-kanak Israel yang dibunuh kerana terdapat artikel mengenai kanak-kanak Palestin yang dibunuh,” walaupun sekurang-kurangnya 10 kali lebih banyak kanak-kanak Palestin terbunuh.

Laman web itu juga menunjukkan: “Walaupun editor seperti Zeq (T – C – L) dan CltFn (T – C – L) mungkin dilarang pada akhirnya, artikel yang mereka mulakan tetap ada.”

Sekiranya pengulas YouTube dan yang lain menggunakan Wikipedia dalam penentuan mereka mengenai apakah kandungan harus dikeluarkan atau tidak, usaha untuk menapis Wikipedia ini dapat mempengaruhi keputusan mereka.

Misi Media Sosial untuk Israel

Gambar tajuk dari artikel Maju mengenai kempen Act.IL.

Pada tahun 2017, satu lagi projek untuk menyasarkan platform Internet dilancarkan. Dikenal sebagai Act.il, proyek ini menggunakan aplikasi perisian yang “memanfaatkan kekuatan masyarakat untuk menyokong Israel melalui aktiviti dalam talian yang teratur.”

Perisian ini merupakan usaha sama tiga kumpulan: Universiti IDC Israel; Majlis Amerika Israel, yang berfungsi untuk “mengatur dan mengaktifkan” setengah juta orang Israel-Amerika yang tinggal di AS; dan satu lagi kumpulan Amerika yang dipanggil Maccabee Task Force, yang diwujudkan untuk memerangi boikot antarabangsa Israel, yang disebutnya sebagai “gerakan anti-Semit.” Maccabee mengatakan bahawa “laser yang difokuskan pada satu misi inti – untuk memastikan bahawa mereka yang berusaha untuk mendelegasikan Israel dan memfitnah orang-orang Yahudi dihadapkan, diperangi dan dikalahkan.”

Gambar dari laporan Maccabee akhir tahun.

Di samping itu, projek ini disokong oleh Kementerian Hal Ehwal Strategik Israel dan komuniti perisik Israel. Ketua Pegawai Eksekutifnya adalah veteran perisik tentera Israel selama lapan tahun.

Israel Post Jerusalem melaporkan bahawa Act.IL adalah “aplikasi kempen akar umbi yang luas yang membolehkan individu memerangi BDS di telapak tangan mereka” atau, seperti yang akan kita lihat, dari komputer awam di AS.

“Act.IL lebih daripada sekadar aplikasi,” jelas artikel Post. “Ini adalah kempen yang memanfaatkan pengetahuan kolektif pelajar IDC yang bersama-sama berbicara 35 bahasa, berasal dari 86 negara dan mempunyai hubungan dengan komuniti pro-Israel di seluruh dunia.”

Artikel itu mendakwa: “Platform seperti Act.IL menawarkan peluang kepada Yahudi dunia untuk memperjuangkan satu perkara yang dapat disokong oleh majoriti: Israel.” (Ini mengabaikan kenyataan bahawa terdapat banyak individu Yahudi yang menentang dasar Israel.)

Pihak Israel di seluruh dunia memuat turun aplikasinya, dan kemudian “di ruang situasi maya pakar ini, mereka mengesan kejadian di mana Israel diserang dalam talian dan mereka memprogram aplikasi untuk mencari misi yang dapat dilakukan dengan menekan satu butang.”

Seorang penganjur mencatatkan: “Apabila anda bekerjasama, dengan tujuan dan nilai yang sama, anda boleh menjadi sangat hebat di lanskap media sosial.”

Beberapa misi meminta pengguna melaporkan video. Pegawai pemerintah Israel mengatakan bahawa aplikasi Act.il “lebih efektif daripada permintaan rasmi pemerintah untuk mengeluarkan video tersebut dari platform dalam talian.”

Projek ini diketuai oleh bekas pegawai perisik Israel dan mempunyai hubungan rapat dengan jutawan kasino Amerika, Sheldon Adelson. Pemain lain ialah Yayasan Paul R. Singer, yang dibiayai oleh jutawan hedge fund Republikan.

The Forward memanggil Act.IL kemasukan baru ke dalam “perang propaganda dalam talian” yang “mempunyai ribuan sukarelawan yang berpusat di A.S. yang dapat diarahkan dari Israel ke kumpulan media sosial.”

Menurut Forward, “Karya sejauh ini memberikan gambaran yang mengejutkan tentang bagaimana ia dapat membentuk perbualan dalam talian mengenai Israel tanpa pernah menunjukkan tangannya.”

The Forward melaporkan: “Act.il mengatakan bahawa aplikasinya mempunyai 12,000 pendaftaran setakat ini, dan 6,000 pengguna biasa. Pengguna berada di seluruh dunia, walaupun majoritinya kelihatan berada di Amerika Syarikat. Pengguna mendapat ‘poin’ untuk misi yang telah diselesaikan; pengguna peringkat teratas menyelesaikan lima atau enam misi sehari. Pengguna teratas memenangi hadiah: surat ucapan selamat dari menteri pemerintah, atau boneka David Ben-Gurion, perdana menteri pengasas Israel. ”

Foto kumpulan yang menyertai latihan Act.IL

Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif Act.IL, seorang pegawai perisik tentera Israel yang veteran, mengatakan tentera Israel dan perkhidmatan perisikan domestiknya “” meminta “Act.il membantu mendapatkan perkhidmatan seperti Facebook untuk membuang video tertentu yang menggesa keganasan terhadap Yahudi atau Israel.” Ini menurut laporan Forward.

Pegawai itu kemudiannya berusaha untuk membatalkan pernyataannya, “dengan mengatakan bahawa [perkhidmatan perisikan] Shin Bet dan tentera tidak meminta pertolongan mengenai video tertentu tetapi melakukan hubungan tidak rasmi dengan Act.il. Dia mengatakan bahawa kakitangan Act.il sebahagian besarnya terdiri dari bekas pegawai perisik Israel. ”

Remaja di JCC Amerika menjalankan misi yang ditugaskan dari Israel

New Jersey “Media Room”, projek IAC New Jersey bekerjasama dengan Act.IL.

Projek ini merekrut remaja dan dewasa Yahudi dan kadang-kadang beroperasi di luar pusat komuniti Yahudi tempatan, kata Forward. Makalah ini menerangkan satu contoh:

“Selusin orang Israel yang duduk di sekitar meja persidangan di sebuah pusat komuniti Yahudi di Tenafly, New Jersey, pada malam Rabu baru-baru ini tidak kelihatan sebagai kelebihan utama kempen propaganda dalam talian yang banyak berkaitan dengan kerajaan Israel.

“Dengan mengetuk komputer riba, sekumpulan pelajar sekolah menengah dan mentor dewasa menyelesaikan ‘misi’ media sosial yang ditugaskan dari ibu pejabat di Herzliya, Israel.”

Sebagai tambahan kepada “ruang media” Tenafly, yang lain beroperasi di Boston bekerjasama dengan Gabungan Yahudi Filantropia Greater Boston. Terdapat juga sesi latihan advokasi Act.il secara berkala di The Frisch School, sebuah sekolah harian Yahudi di Paramas, New Jersey. Ruangan media lain dilaporkan dalam karya, dengan satu di Manhattan, yang dihoskan oleh The Paul R. Singer Foundation, dijadualkan akan dibuka tidak lama lagi.

The Forward melaporkan: “Pada bulan November, ruang media Boston membuat misi untuk aplikasi yang meminta pengguna mengirim e-mel ke gereja di Boston untuk mengadu tentang penayangan sebuah dokumentari yang mengkritik Israel. Teks e-mel yang dicadangkan menyamakan penayangan filem itu dengan rusuhan supremasi kulit putih di Charlottesville, Virginia, dan menyebut pencerita filem itu, frontman Pink Floyd Roger Waters, ‘anti-Semit yang terkenal.’ ”

Foto Boston Media Room yang diterbitkan oleh Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston, yang menyatakan: “Duta Bilik Media adalah pelajar dan mentor dewasa yang dilatih dengan pengetahuan, kemahiran, dan alat untuk mempengaruhi positif wacana umum dengan mengembangkan kempen media sosial pro-Israel . ”

Menurut Forward, Act.il juga menghasilkan “kandungan web pro-Israel yang tidak mempunyai logo. Ini menyebarkan kandungan itu kepada kumpulan pro-Israel yang lain, termasuk persaudaraan Yahudi yang dibiayai oleh Adelson, Alpha Epsilon Pi dan The Israel Project, yang mendorong mereka keluar dari media sosial mereka sendiri. ”

The Forward meramalkan: “Inisiatif di dunia maya sepertinya akan meningkat.”

Tangkapan skrin dari video yang mempromosikan projek itu, disiarkan di laman web Gabungan Filem Yahudi Greater Boston.

Media Israel melaporkan bahawa tentera Israel “telah mulai menggerogoti komuniti Yahudi di luar negeri untuk mencari komputer yang luar biasa” untuk merekrut barisannya.

Seorang pegawai Israel menerangkan prosesnya: “Urutan pertama perniagaan kami adalah mencari komuniti Yahudi di luar negeri untuk remaja yang boleh memenuhi syarat. Wakil kami kemudian akan melakukan perjalanan ke komuniti dan memulakan proses penyaringan di sana.”

Kementerian Kerajaan Israel menyokong kempen dalam talian rahsia

Jeneral Sima Vaknin-Gil memberitahu para pemaju teknologi Israel untuk “membanjiri Internet” dengan propaganda pro-Israel. Sebagai Ketua Penapis Israel, dia berkata: “” Kami menyensor maklumat yang penting bagi musuh-musuh kita, yang tidak mempunyai kemampuan seperti kita, tidak mempunyai otak Yahudi, dan oleh itu musuh kita bergantung pada maklumat terbuka … ”

Kementerian Hal Ehwal Strategik Israel, yang berada di belakang ini dan projek serupa, telah menggerakkan sumber daya yang besar untuk aktiviti dalam talian.

Berita Ynet Israel melaporkan bahawa pengarah Kementerian “melihatnya sebagai perang untuk semua maksud dan tujuan. “Delegitimisasi terhadap Negara Israel dapat dikekang dan dibendung melalui diplomasi awam dan alat lunak,” katanya. ‘Namun, untuk menang, kita mesti menggunakan muslihat dan kepalsuan.’ ”

Pengarah, Jeneral Sima Vaknin-Gil, mengatakan kepada sebuah forum pemaju teknologi Israel di sebuah forum: “Saya ingin mewujudkan komuniti pejuang.” Tujuannya adalah untuk “mengekang kegiatan aktivis anti-Israel,” dan “membanjiri Internet” dengan kandungan pro-Israel.

Sebuah laporan Israel pada bulan Disember menyatakan bahawa kementerian telah memperoleh anggaran sekitar $ 70 juta untuk “berdiri di barisan depan dalam pertempuran melawan delegitimisasi, menggunakan kaedah dari bidang perisikan dan teknologi. Ada sebab mengapa pegawai kementerian mendefinisikannya sebagai ‘perang terhadap keganasan kesedaran.’ “[‘Delegitimization’ adalah istilah umum Israel untuk kritikan terhadap Israel. Lihat di sini untuk perbincangan istilah.]

Artikel Ha’aretz melaporkan: “Pemimpin Kementerian Hal Ehwal Strategik melihat diri mereka sebagai ketua unit komando, mengumpulkan dan menyebarkan maklumat mengenai‘ penyokong delegitimisasi Israel ’— dan mereka lebih suka tindakan mereka dirahsiakan.”

Artikel tersebut melaporkan bahwa Kementerian menyertakan peran pekerjaan yang berjudul “Pegawai kanan – dunia media baru,” yang bertanggung jawab untuk pengawasan dan kegiatan “di dunia digital.”

Ketua individu ini bertanggungjawab untuk menganalisis media sosial dan merumuskan kempen media sosial terhadap laman web dan aktivis yang dianggap sebagai ancaman kepada Israel.

Antara tanggungjawab pekerjaan adalah:

“Analisis dunia media sosial, dari segi kandungan, teknologi dan struktur rangkaian, menekankan pusat graviti dan fokus pengaruh, kaedah, mesej, organisasi, laman web dan aktivis utama, mengkaji ciri, kawasan, wilayah dan corak utama mereka aktiviti kempen saingan dan merumuskan strategi untuk kempen kesedaran terhadap mereka dalam dunia ini dan menguruskan krisis di media sosial. Artinya, pengawasan aktiviti terutamanya di arena digital. ”

Pegawai di kementerian ditugaskan dengan “pembinaan dan promosi program kreatif dan sesuai untuk media baru.”

Unit ini berfungsi untuk merahsiakan aktivitinya daripada orang ramai. Sebagai contoh, program untuk melatih orang Israel muda untuk aktiviti di media sosial dikecualikan daripada menerbitkan tawaran awam untuk mendapatkan dana. Demikian pula, unit khusus kementerian untuk menentang delegitimisasi, “Hama’aracha” (Pertempuran), dikecualikan dari Undang-Undang Kebebasan Maklumat Israel.

Tingkat 29 Menara Juara Tel Aviv adalah pusat saraf perang 24-7 di mana ejen Israel yang bekerja di belakang tabir memajukan undang-undang AS, peristiwa torpedo, mengatur bantahan balas, & menutup akaun bank .. Pengarahnya berkata: “Untuk menang, kita mesti menggunakan tipu muslihat dan kemahiran.”

Kegiatannya dilaporkan termasuk “ruang operasi 24/7 yang memantau semua kegiatan delegitimisasi terhadap Israel: Protes, konferensi, penerbitan yang menyeru untuk memboikot anti-Israel dan inisiatif boikot badan antarabangsa. Bilik operasi akan memindahkan maklumat tersebut kepada orang-orang yang relevan untuk memberikan respons yang tepat terhadap aktiviti-aktiviti ini, sama ada melalui bantahan balas atau melalui gerakan untuk menggagalkan inisiatif di belakang tabir. ”

Program lain termasuk projek 22 juta shekel untuk bekerja di antara kesatuan pekerja dan persatuan profesional di luar negara “untuk membasmi kemampuan entiti BDS untuk mempengaruhi kesatuan pekerja,” dan program 16 juta shekel yang difokuskan pada aktiviti pelajar di seluruh dunia.

UNIT Israel 8200

Foto dari artikel mengenai Unit 8200 di laman web Pusat Komunikasi dan Penyelidikan Britain Israel.

Satu lagi entiti Israel yang berperanan dalam aktiviti Internet rahsia adalah cawangan perisik berteknologi tinggi legenda tentera Israel, Unit 8200. Unit ini terdiri daripada ribuan “pejuang siber” yang berumur 18 hingga 21 tahun; ada yang lebih muda. Sebilangan siswazahnya naik ke kedudukan teratas di syarikat teknologi yang beroperasi di A.S., seperti Perisian Perisian Titik (di mana pasangan ketua Yahudi Suara untuk Keamanan bekerja sebagai arkitek penyelesaian).

Pada tahun 2015 Kementerian Luar Negeri Israel mengumumkan rancangan “untuk menetapkan perintah khusus untuk memerangi hasutan anti-Israel di media sosial.” Perintah itu akan beroperasi di bawah jabatan hasbara [propaganda] kementerian luar negeri dan terutama akan merekrut lulusan Unit 8200.

Sebuah artikel di akhbar Yahudi mengenai perintah baru melaporkan bahawa Unit 8200 “telah mengembangkan reputasi yang baik untuk keberkesanan dalam pengumpulan intelijen, termasuk mengoperasikan jaringan pengintip global yang besar. Beberapa alumni dari 8200 telah menubuhkan syarikat IT Israel terkemuka, termasuk Check Point, ICQ, Palo Alto Networks, NICE, AudioCodes, Gilat, Leadspace, EZchip, Onavo, Singular dan CyberArk. ”

Ibu pejabat Perisian Check Point di Tel Aviv. Diasaskan oleh bekas anggota Unit 8200, ia juga mempunyai pejabat di seluruh syarikat teknologi Israel A.S. kadang-kadang membantu dalam usaha pengintipan dalam talian.

Banyak syarikat teknologi Israel, banyak dari mereka yang diketuai oleh bekas pegawai perisik tentera, membantu dalam usaha pengintipan dalam talian ini, kadang-kadang menerima dana kerajaan Israel “untuk inisiatif digital yang bertujuan mengumpulkan maklumat mengenai kumpulan aktivis dan menangkis usaha mereka.”

Menurut pernyataan kementerian, antara kegiatan Komando adalah “mencari video dengan kandungan yang meradang dan mengeluarkan aduan ke laman web yang berkaitan.”

Untuk menjadi jelas, ini adalah tentera penjajah yang bekerja secara diam-diam untuk mencapai penapisan untuk melaporkan kekejamannya.

Pegawai YouTube & Google bertemu dengan Menteri Israel

Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif YouTube, Susan Wojcicki bercakap dengan Kumpulan Wanita Israel dalam Kumpulan Teknologi Kerjasama Israel pada 25 Ogos 2016.

Syarikat Internet utama dilaporkan telah bekerjasama dalam usaha ini.

Pada tahun 2015 Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Israel Tzipi Hotovely mengumumkan bahawa dia telah mengunjungi Silicon Valley dan bertemu dengan CEO YouTube Susan Wojcicki dan Pengarah Dasar Awam Google (tidak jelas apakah ini adalah Jennifer Oztzistzki atau Juniper Downs; pengumuman Hotovely merujuk kepada “Jennifer Downs” ).

“Pada akhir pertemuan,” media Israel melaporkan, “dipersetujui bahawa Google akan memperkuat hubungan dua hala dengan Kementerian Luar Negeri dan membangun alat kerja kolaboratif.”

Satu lagi laporan berita Israel mengenai pertemuan tersebut menyatakan: “… disepakati bahawa syarikat-syarikat itu akan memperkuat hubungan dengan Kementerian Luar Negeri dan membangun mekanisme pengendalian berkala untuk mencegah penyebaran bahan-bahan pembakar tersebut di rangkaian.”

Google, yang memiliki YouTube, menolak laporan Kementerian Luar Negeri. Kementerian dengan demikian “menjelaskan” kenyataannya, tetapi terus mengatakan bahawa pegawai Israel akan “melakukan kontak berkala dengan pegawai Google di Israel yang menangani bahan yang bermasalah.”

Pegawai seperti itu sering mempunyai hubungan rapat dengan Israel. Sebagai contoh, Ketua Dasar Facebook di Israel, Jordana Cutler, sebelum ini telah bekerja selama bertahun-tahun oleh pemerintah Israel. (Lebih banyak mengenai Facebook boleh didapati di sini.)

Halaman Linkedin untuk Jordana Cutler Facebook

Mesyuarat nampaknya memberi kesan yang besar.

Pada 2016 majalah Fortune melaporkan: “Facebook, Google, dan YouTube memenuhi hingga 95% permintaan Israel untuk menghapus kandungan yang menurut pemerintah menghasut keganasan Palestin, kata Menteri Kehakiman Israel pada hari Isnin.”

Baru-baru ini, Kementerian Kehakiman Israel mengatakan bahawa unit sibernya menangani 2,241 kes kandungan dalam talian dan berjaya mengeluarkan 70 peratus daripadanya.

Menurut laporan tahun 2017, Google, sebagai pengendali Youtube, mengumumkan bahawa ia sedang mengemas kini langkah-langkah yang telah diambilnya untuk memperoleh skor ini.

Antara lain, Google mengatakan ia akan meningkatkan jumlah anggota “Trusted Flagger program”, yang membolehkan organisasi dan agensi kerajaan tertentu melaporkan kandungan. Ia juga mengatakan akan “meningkatkan sokongan untuk NGO dan organisasi yang bekerja untuk menyampaikan ‘suara pembetulan.'”

Memandangkan catatan aktiviti penyusupan dan penyusunan yang dijelaskan di atas – banyak yang dibiayai oleh gabungan jutawan berpengaruh tertentu dan pemerintah Israel sendiri – sukar untuk membayangkan bahawa organisasi dan partai Israel tidak sepenuhnya terlibat dalam program ini. Sebenarnya, salah satu NGO yang sudah bekerjasama dengan YouTube sebagai “flagger yang dipercayai” adalah Liga Anti-Fitnah, yang misinya termasuk ‘membela Israel.’

Liga Anti-Fitnah meraikan Israel pada perbarisan New York City 2017.

Kertas strategi ADL rahsia Januari 2017 yang dibocorkan memperincikan bagaimana untuk melawan gerakan pro-Palestin. Di antara banyak strategi yang dilakukan adalah memusatkan perhatian kepada pentingnya usaha dalam ruang siber.

Makalah ini dihasilkan bekerjasama dengan Institut Reut, sebuah badan pemikir Israel, dan termasuk pengesahan oleh Sima Vaknin-Gil, yang menyatakan bahawa “hubungan antara cara operasi Kementerian dan apa yang keluar dari dokumen ini sangat tinggi, dan sudah terbukti berkesan … ”

Kertas strategi mengenai cara menentang gerakan solidariti Palestin. (Dokumen lengkap disiarkan di sini.)

#

KEMASKINI

HADIAH

By donshafi9️⃣1️⃣1️⃣

May Allah s.w.t. grant us His taufiq so that we may taste the sweetness of our faith and gratitude and experience the pleasure of worshipping Allah . Amin Ya Rabbal ‘Alamin.

*Mohon share di group2 lain. Semoga bermanfaat Barakallahu fiikum*

*Jazāk Allāhu Khayran*

👉The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect my stance @donshafi911.

👉Kenyataan berita atau artikel ini adalah pandangan peribadi penulis dan tidak mewakili pendirian @donshafi911.

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